15 Aug Lets Talk Men’s Health
Let’s understand some of the main health issues faced by men. It’s pretty widely known that men tend to be more careless in matters of health, they are less likely than women to seek help for a number of conditions. Early signs and symptoms are often ignored until it becomes serious. A lot of men’s health issues produces minor symptoms in the early stages; therefore tend to be diagnosed when it is too late. Awareness on men’s health can lead to timely action and just might help save a life. Let’s understand some of the main health issue faced by men that they just don’t tend to talk about that are, in fact, quite common.
Women may not be the only ones who suffer the effects of changing hormones. Men are reporting some of the same symptoms that women experience during perimenopause and menopause. Because men do not go through a well-defined period referred to as menopause, some doctors refer to this problem as androgen (testosterone) decline in the ageing male or what some people call low testosterone. Men do experience a decline in the production of the male hormone testosterone with ageing.
Unlike menopause, the decrease in testosterone and the development of symptoms is more gradual than what occurs in women. Approximately 30% of men in their 50s will experience symptoms of andropause caused by low testosterone levels. A person experiencing andropause may have a number of symptoms related to the condition and could be at risk of other serious health conditions such as osteoporosis without proper treatment.
Symptoms of Andropause:
Treatment and Prevention for andropause:
Replacing testosterone in the blood is the most common treatment for men going through andropause.This treatment may provide relief from the symptoms and help improve the quality of life in many cases. Testosterone is available in a variety of different preparations including skin patches, capsules, gels, and injections. Your doctor will help determine which treatment is best for you and will often consider your lifestyle when making this decision.
Lifestyle changes such as increased exercise, stress reduction, and good nutrition also help to reduce andropause symptoms.
- Eat more fruits and vegetables: A poor diet can contribute to andropause. Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of antioxidants, polyphenols, vitamins, minerals, and fibre, all of which are essential for a healthy diet.
- Choose healthy fats: Healthy fats, such as monounsaturated fats and omega-3 fatty acids, help support a healthy heart and blood circulation. The omega-3 fatty acids fight inflammation, a process that destroys the body’s natural antioxidants and weakens the immune system, and may also help with depression.
Consider supplements for andropause. Some natural remedies are traditionally used for andropause. These supplements help raise testosterone levels and therefore, reduce andropause symptoms.
- Exercise regularly. Lack of exercise contributes to andropause, and so the antidote is maintaining a regular exercise program, which also helps control and maintains a healthy body weight.
- Manage stress. Andropause has a psychological component, namely depression and mood swings. Practicing stress management techniques can help alleviate and even prevent these symptoms.
- Maintain a healthy sex life. Changes in sexual function and sexual desire may occur with andropause. However, maintaining open communication with your sex partner and getting help for sexual problems from a trusted healthcare professional can alleviate the stress and anxiety that may accompany those changes so you can maintain a healthy sex life.
2. Low libido
Sex drive is usually described as libido. There is no numeric measurement for libido. Instead, sex drive is understood in relevant terms. For example, a low libido means a decreased interest or desire in sex. Testosterone is the hormone most closely associated with male sex drive. Produced mainly in the testicles, testosterone has a crucial role in a number of body functions, including:
- Development of male sex organs
- the growth of body hair
- Bone mass and muscle development
- deepening of the voice in puberty
- sperm production
- production of red blood cells
Causes loss of libido:
Sex drive can decrease with age. But sometimes a loss of libido is tied to an underlying condition. The following can cause a decrease in sex drive:
- Stress or depression. If you are experiencing mental health issues, talk to your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe medication or suggest psychotherapy.
- Endocrine disorders. An endocrine disorder may decrease male sex hormones.
- Low testosterone levels.Certain medical conditions can cause low testosterone levels, which can impact your sex drive.
- Certain medications. Some medications can impact your libido. For instance, some antidepressants, antihistamines, and even blood pressure medications can impair erections. Your doctor may be able to suggest an alternative.
- High blood pressure. Damage to the vascular system can hurt a man’s ability to get or maintain an erection.
- Like having high blood pressure, diabetes can damage a man’s vascular system and affect his ability to maintain an erection.
Treatment and prevention for loss of libido:
Treatment of low libido depends on the cause of the condition. Treatment options may include switching medications, treating an underlying condition, testosterone replacement hormone therapy if the man has hypogonadism or relationship counselling.
For some men, adopting a healthier lifestyle, such as exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, reducing stress, stop smoking and limiting alcohol can help resolve the problem. You may consider taking supplements that are naturally used to treat libido. These supplements usually help to boost your energy and improve your sexual function.
3. Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. The prostate goes through two main growth periods as a man ages. The first occurs early in puberty when the prostate doubles in size. The second phase of growth begins around age 25 and continues during most of a man’s life. As you age, your prostate may get larger. Benign prostate hyperplasia often occurs with the second growth phase.
As the prostate enlarges, it can then squeeze down on your urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. Eventually, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty completely, leaving some urine in the bladder. The narrowing of the urethra and urinary retention (the inability to empty the bladder completely) cause many of the problems associated with benign prostate hyperplasia. BPH is not cancer. It does not cause nor lead to cancer. But BPH and cancer can happen at the same time. BPH is common in ageing men. About half of all men between the ages of 51 and 60 have BPH.
Symptoms of BPH:
Treatment and Prevention of BPH:
- Treatment for an enlarged prostate will depend on the severity of your symptoms. If you have mild symptoms, you won’t usually need immediate treatment but you’ll have regular prostate check-ups. Medication to reduce the size of the prostate and relax your bladder may be recommended to treat moderate to severe symptoms of BPH. Surgery is usually only recommended for moderate to severe symptoms of BPH that have failed to respond to medication.
- Lifestyle changes may help relieve symptoms and allow you to avoid surgery:
- Limit beverages in the evening.Don’t drink anything for an hour or two before bedtime to avoid middle-of-the-night trips to the toilet.
- Limit caffeine and alcohol.They can increase urine production, irritate the bladder and worsen symptoms.
- Limit decongestants or antihistamines.These drugs tighten the band of muscles around the urethra that control urine flow, making it harder to urinate.
- Go when you first feel the urge.Waiting too long might overstretch the bladder muscle and cause damage.
- Schedule bathroom visits.Try to urinate at regular times — such as every four to six hours during the day — to “retrain” the bladder. This can be especially useful if you have severe frequency and urgency.
- Follow a healthy diet.Obesity is associated with enlarged prostate.
- Stay active.Inactivity contributes to urine retention. Even a small amount of exercise can help reduce urinary problems caused by an enlarged prostate.
- Keep warm.Colder temperatures can cause urine retention and increase the urgency to urinate.
Herbal supplements. Some herbal supplements are proven to reduce the symptoms of benign prostate hyperplasia. However please consult with your doctor or pharmacist before taking any supplements.
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