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Hair Care

It is hard to take our eyes off from Rapunzel and Elsa in the movie Frozen hairstyle when we watch Disney Movies. Thick, shiny, and bouncy hair looks simply mesmerizing. Knowing how to create these magical hair styles is a plus point, but what you also need is healthy, lustrous hair to begin with. Hair serves a valuable biological purpose to keep your head warm and helps to regulate body temperature. Hair, like nails, is an extension of your epidermis; the outer layer of your skin. It is composed mainly of protein. Here are some tips for healthy hair that will give you long and lustrous hair like the Disney princesses.

Tips for healthy hair

  • Protect your hair
    • Always protect your hair from sun, dirt, wind, and rain. Excessive exposure to them can lead to dirt build up, drying out of hair and scalp, thus increasing susceptibility to the scalp infection.
  • Regular conditioning
    • Ensures your hair is kept moist and avoids frizz
  • Do not over apply heat on your hair
    • Heat further strips the moisture content from your hair making it dry and frizzy. Use iron or straighteners only if necessary and remember to use a hair protectant before applying heat on your hair.
  • Avoid tight hair ties
    • It tends to pull your hair back real tight which increases friction, thus causing breakage
  • Healthy eating
    • Health on the inside reflects on your hair too. If you want to have a good and healthy hair, eating right is a must. Certain nutrients like vitamins, iron, and proteins are essential for your hair growth and health. A good diet for the hair will also boost your confidence to stay healthy and look smart.
  • Cold water is good for hair
    • Hot water affects hair the same way heat styling methods do. You can use water at room temperature instead.

Home remedies for healthy hair

To get a healthy hair does not necessarily mean using expensive branded hair care products or expensive hair care treatments at signature salons. There are some home remedies that can give you a healthy and shiny ‘crown’.

  • Coconut and olive oil – slightly warm the oil and massage your entire scalp thoroughly to strengthen hair roots and prevent hair breakage
  • Eggs – mix egg yolk, olive oil and vitamin E to get soft and silky hair
  • Honey – to repair damaged hair and prevent hair fall
  • Aloe vera – apply its gel on the scalp to improve hair growth and its thickness
  • Henna leaves – improves hair thickness and gives natural colour to hair
  • Fenugreek seeds – helps to get rid of hair loss and dandruff naturally

Indian Gooseberry – has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties that could help in hair growth and also maintain the scalp’s health.

1. Hair loss

Everyone loses hair. It is normal to lose about 50 – 100 strands every day. If you see bald patches or lots of thinning, you may be experiencing hair loss. There are many causes of hair loss including hair disorder, disease, hormones, stress, poor nutrition, medication, ageing, and hairstyling. To find out what the possible causes for hair loss are, you should see a dermatologist.

When hair loss begins suddenly, the cause may be due to illness, diet, medication, or childbirth. If hair loss is gradual and becomes more noticeable with each passing year, that person may have hereditary hair loss. The following are some of the many causes of hair loss.

  • Hair disorder
    • Hereditary thinning or baldness (androgenetic alopecia) is the most common cause of hair loss. Men often get receding hairline especially on the top of their head as compared to women
    • Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease and will cause your scalp to have round and smooth patches. Men and women are equally affected and it can occur at any age.

(Androgenetic alopecia): http://www.revitaltrichology.com

(Alopecia areata): http://www.aafp.org

  • Disease
    • Too much vitamin A-containing supplement or medications that can trigger hair loss according to the American Academy of Dermatology. The daily value (DV) for vitamin A is 5000IU for adults
    • Anaemia also may cause hair loss. Almost one in 10 women suffer from anaemia due to an iron deficiency which is an easily fixable cause of hair loss.
  • Hormonal changes
    • Hair loss is common during menopause due to hormone imbalance. Besides that, women also experience hair loss after giving birth due to the falling oestrogen levels.
  • Physical and emotional stress
    • Physical trauma such as surgery, car accident can cause temporary hair loss. This condition will affect a hair growth phase; telogen phase. Hair loss becomes noticeable within 3 – 6 months after the trauma
    • Emotional stress is less likely to cause hair loss than physical stress, but it can happen. For instance, in the case of a divorce and after the death of a loved one.
  • Diet
    • If you don’t get enough protein in your diet, your body may ration protein by shutting down hair growth. Eating more protein will stop the hair loss like meats, eggs, fish, nuts, and vegetables
    • Anorexia (not eating enough) and bulimia (vomiting after eating) can cause hair loss due to poor nutritional intake.
  • Medicine
    • Some prescription medicines can cause hair loss such as blood thinners, birth control pills, anabolic steroids, and medicines to treat arthritis, depression, gout, and heart problems
  • Hairstyle
    • Frequent bleaching, improper use of dyes, gels, and hair sprays can cause hair breakage
    • Frequent use of a blow dryer tends to damage the hair due to the high heat from the blower.
    • Improper washing, drying, and combing also may cause hair breakage

2) Dandruff

Dandruff is a common chronic scalp condition that causes white or grey flakes of skin to appear on the scalp and in the hair. The flakes are often noticeable if they fall from the scalp on to your shoulders. Your scalp may also feel dry or wet and itchy. Dandruff is caused by a fungal infection. It is not contagious or harmful, but it can be unpleasant and difficult to get rid of. Although this fungus is a normal part of the scalp, it turns problematic when the fungus feeds on sebum and cause irritation, dryness, itchiness, leading to visible flakes.
It can be caused by several factors such as irritated and oily skin, not shampooing often enough, dry skin (scalp), sensitivity to certain hair care products (contact dermatitis), and a certain disease. Oily hair and scalp are most common cause of dandruff. This condition is also known as seborrheic dermatitis. It is marked by red scalp, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. It can appear on your body as well as your scalp.

(Cradle cap): http://www.nhs.uk

(Adult): http://www.mayoclinic.org

 

 

 

 

 

 

Certain illnesses such as Parkinson, HIV infection, or those who have compromised immune systems from other conditions are more likely to develop seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. Besides that, climate changes, stress, and ageing also may lead to dandruff or dry skin (scalp) problems.
Dandruff can be controlled but it may take some trial and error. In general, daily cleansing with a gentle shampoo helps to reduce oiliness, skin cell buildup, and mild dandruff. If this treatment fails, you may find anti dandruff shampoos from any drugstore. Anti-dandruff shampoos are classified based on their content such as:
• Tar-based shampoo – coal tar is a by-product of the coal manufacturing process, helps conditions like dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis. It works by slowing down the death of skin cells. It may cause hair discoloration.
• Selenium sulphide shampoo – it works by slowing down skin cells from dying and may also reduce Malassezia.
• Salicylic acid shampoo – also known as shampoo scalp scrub. It helps eliminate scales and flakes but may cause your scalp to dry. Using a conditioner after shampooing can help relieve dryness
• Pyrithione zinc shampoo – this shampoo contains an antibacterial and antifungal agent; zinc pyrithione.
• Ketoconazole shampoo – is a broad spectrum antifungal agent that may work when other shampoos fail to do so. It will kill the fungus which causes dandruff

 

Sources:
1) Style craze: http://www.stylecraze.com
2) Prevention: http://www.prevention.com
3) American Academy of Dermatology https://www.aad.org
4) Mayo clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.org
5) Health: http://www.health.com
6) NHS: http://www.nhs.uk
7) Healthline: http://www.healthline.com